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2019年4月自考英語(一)考前要點復習(6)

發布時間:2019-03-30 19:33:03

   Text A Diamonds

 
  搭配:
 
  1. change sth. into sth. 把什么變成什么/動詞詞組
 
  2. exist in 存在于/動詞詞組
 
  3. mass of 團、堆、塊/表量詞組
 
  4. become popular with/among sb. 受誰的喜歡,歡迎/動詞詞組
 
  5. come at a good time 適逢其時/動詞詞組
 
  6. be running out 漸漸用盡/動詞詞組
 
  7. handfuls of 成捧的(東西)/表量詞組
 
  8. sort out 淘選出/動詞詞組
 
  語言點:
 
  1. be made from sth.指sth.已看不出原材料(如酒是高粱做的);be make of sth. 指sth.可以看出原材料(如桌子是木頭做的)
 
  2. it is thought that +從句 人們認為
 
  3. good enough for doing sth. 好到可以做某事
 
  4. experience(n./v.)-experienced(adj.有經驗的)
 
  5. be classed as 被作為什么而分類/動詞詞組
 
  6. the former…the latter 前者,后者
 
  Text B The Difference between Plants and Animals
 
  搭配:
 
  1. tell A from B 辨別/動詞詞組
 
  2. be satisfied with sb/sth./doing sth. 對什么/某人表示滿意/動詞詞組
 
  3. take place 發生(無法阻止的事情)/動詞詞組
 
  4. lie in 存在于/動詞詞組
 
  5. live on sth. 靠什么而生存/動詞詞組
 
  6. work wonders 創造奇跡/動詞詞組
 
  7. take in the riches 吸取精華/動詞詞組
 
  8. suck up 吸收,吸取/動詞詞組
 
  9. be different from 與什么不同
 
  語言點:
 
  1. There are many plants which have neither roots nor leaves nor flowers, while there are some animals which seem to have all three. (neither…nor句型表示兩者都不) e.g. People who can neither hear nor speak talk to each other with the help of their fingers. (并列動詞);My doctor told me I should neither smoke nor drink.(并列動詞);She neither knows nor cares what has happened to her ex-husband. (并列動詞)
 
  2. 冠詞問題:The blue haze,like smoke,is the dividing line between the heavens and the earth.(世界上獨一無二的東西)。
 
  3. You may look at a group of cows standing under the trees or catch a bee at his early drink in a morning-glory bell. Look at 為感官動詞,其后可以加動詞原形,也可以用動詞的ing形式。用動詞原形表明看到了全過程,用動詞的ing形式表示看到動作正在進行中。
 
  4. magnify(v.放大)-magnifying glass(adj. 放大鏡)
 
  5. puzzle(v.使迷惑)-puzzling(adj.某事/某人/給某人造成了迷惑的情感)-puzzled(adj.自身感到很迷惑)
 
  6. stomach的名詞復數形式為stomachs
 
  7. They see many things which most people would fail to see. fail to do sth. 不能做某事
 
  8. 主謂一致問題:分數或百分比后面的謂語動詞采用何種形式要看其后緊跟的名詞,如所跟名詞為可數名詞復數,則謂語動詞采用復數形式;所跟名詞為不可數名詞,則謂語動詞采用單數形式。是就近原則的一種。E.g. We now know that about one fourth of all the kinds of seaweed are animals.
 
  9. be to do sth. 是將來時的一種,表示命令或計劃做某事
 
  10. Animals can live only on what plants have already turned from inorganic to vegetable matter.(以后在名詞型從句處做具體講解)
 
  11. No bird nor fish nor other animal could ever have lived on this earth, if the plants had not come first and fitted it for the dwelling place of a higher order of beings. (對過去進行虛擬:主句用情態動詞+have done, 從句用過去完成時 had done 的形式)
 
  12. It takes up such parts of the soil as are dissolved in the water. (as的句型是特殊的定語從句句型,由于前面出現了such才會采用as 來做定語從句的關系代詞;take up 的意思是吸收;本句話的意思為:植物還會吸收能夠在水中溶解的部分土壤。)
 
 
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